Influence of the tempo-rhythmic structure of music on the psycho-physiological state of a person
Musical culture in its deepest meaning has long gone beyond the circle of music lovers in the modern world. The widespread use of music in order to influence the human condition has now become almost total. The property of music to influence the state of a person is used now in therapy sessions, advertising, cinema, etc.
The direction of music therapy and music suggestion, which is not sufficiently studied by modern psychological science, brings, among other things, unexpected results of using music to influence the state of consciousness, especially on a massive scale.
The lack of recommendations based on scientific research allows choosing the latter-day musical “Kashpirovsky” and “Chumak” amateurish approach, in which authoritarianism is positioned, implying that any product of this person’s activity has a designated property, regardless of compliance with the production technology. That emasculates the very idea of the correct use of music in the processes of positivity, therapy, rehabilitation and prevention of stressful, depressive and pathological mental tendencies.
At the moment, the study of the influence of music as a separate area is highlighted in “music therapy”. Here we study the connection between the changes in the course of the disease and the music used during the treatment period. At the same time, the emphasis is placed not so much on music as the “complex multi-level matrix” (Y. Ryzhov), but on the vibrations of sound vibrations. Often it is the sound vibrations that indicate the numerical values of the sound frequencies that resonate with a specific part of the brain. For example, “a low beta rhythm with a frequency of 15 Hz intensifies the normal state of waking consciousness. A high beta rhythm with a frequency of 30 Hz causes a condition similar to that which occurs after cocaine use. The alpha rhythm frequency of 10.5 Hz causes a state of deep relaxation.
For a number of preliminary data in this state, the brain produces a large number of neuro-neptics that increase immunity. Theta rhythm with a frequency of 7.5 Hz contributes to the emergence of a state characteristic of deep meditation. With a low theta rhythm with a frequency of 4 Hz, an experience sometimes arises that has received the name “travel outside the body” in literature. At frequencies below 4 Hz, there is a strong desire to fall asleep, the difficulty of maintaining a waking consciousness ”(A. Goncharov, 2003).
Almost all developments in the field of musical influence are carried out by doctors or, at best, by psychologists. But almost every work contains references to the results of hardware research, where the influence of individual sound frequencies or their combination is measured, which is not music by definition. In Dahl’s dictionary “MUSIC is the art of a harmonious and harmonious combination of sounds, both consecutive (melody, tune, voice), and joint (harmony, accord, consonance), and art is in action.”
Hence the name of the direction as “music therapy” is hasty and unreasonable, although many therapists use it in their classical formulation in their sessions of treatment and rehabilitation, but prefer to talk about the positive influence of the sounds of a violin or organ.
In our opinion, the influence of music on the human condition must be studied taking into account all aspects of the musical structure. In the structure of a musical work, we can highlight the following:
– Body Movement
– Emotional-dynamic aspect
– Reflexive-meditative aspect
– Suggestive-trans aspect
All aspects have a direct relationship with the components of the internal structure of music. The component-structural analysis of music makes it possible to single out the tempo-rhythmic, harmonic and melodic structure, which in turn also have properties to emphasize the nuances of changes in the psychophysical state. This allows us to observe changes in the psychophysical state of a person throughout the sound of the entire musical work. The impact of music, we consider in this case only as the connection of musical sound with the psychophysical reaction of a person.
The bodily-motor aspect of the influence of music is the oldest in the chronology of the appearance of elements of the musical structure. This is due to the simplicity of the reproduction of the idea – it is enough to knock a stick on a rotting log from inside, and a tempo-rhythmic pattern is already possible. The ancient people made such a discovery and used the results to accompany the rituals of initiation into the warriors, preparing for the hunt, which meant the active inclusion of the bodily-motor component.
We associate it with the tempo-rhythmic component of a piece of music. In music theory, EMP is the speed of a piece of music. That is, the same work can be performed at a different pace. Here, the state change depends on the speed of perception of music by a specific person. In our opinion, the discrepancy between the speed of music reproduction and the author’s intention removes a significant part of the influence of a musical work.